Application of Renewable Energy Technologies in Hong Kong

Starting from the 1980s, the government of Hong Kong has built several large-scale solar water heating installations on government buildings. Small-scale photovoltaic installations have also been used for some decades to provide power to equipment in the form of standalone (i.e. non-grid-connected) power supply systems. The first grid-connected photovoltaic installation is the 55 kW building-integrated photovoltaic installationat Wanchai Tower, built in 2002 by EMSD as a pilot project. Since then, a number of grid-connected PV installations have been built. In 2005, a 350 kW PV installation went into operation on the roof of the EMSD Headquarters building in Kowloon Bay.

Landfill gas from landfills has been utilized for process heating and electricity generation purpose (for on-site use) since the late 1990s. Biogas generated during the sewage treatment process has also been used for electricity generation and other process uses since the 1980s.

In end-2005, the Environment, Transport and Works Bureau of the Government of Hong Kong SAR promulgated a technical circular ETWB TC (Works) No. 16/2005 on "Adoption of Energy Efficient Features and Renewable Energy in Government Projects and Installations". This technical circular encourages greater adoption of energy efficient features and RE technologies in public works projects, and requires works departments to regularly report their progress. (Works departments include the Architectural Services Department, Civil Engineering and Development Department, Drainage Services Department, Electrical and Mechanical Services Department, Highways Department, and Water Supplies Department). The technical ciruclar also provides guidance on the criteria for the application of solar water heating, photovoltaic, wind, and biogas technologies in government projects and installations.

There are many non-government renwable energy projects throughout the community. Other than the demonstration wind turbines and offshore wind farm feasibility studies of the power companies as described in the previous section, the Hong Kong and China Gas Company Ltd has used landfill gas for process heating in towngas production. In addition, there are quite a number of solar water heating installations, photovoltaic installations, and small wind turbines built by various sectors of the community.

The Example Projects section of this website contains information on RE installations in Hong Kong gathered through a survey exercise. Although the list of projects does not cover all RE installations in Hong Kong, it does provide a broad overview of the extent of application of RE technologies in the territory.

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